An energy-efficient command broadcast protocol in dynamic WSNs75 views
Keywords:Command broadcast; Leaf nodes; Sharable slot scheduling; Node mobility; Energy efficiency.
In wireless sensor networks (WSNs), a sink must broadcast periodically a command message to a group of nodes or all nodes to control the operation of the network. However, the sparse distribution and limited resources of nodes bring difficulties for efficient broadcasting. In this paper, we propose an energy-efficient command broadcast protocol based on the construction of a spanning tree which includes maximizing the number of leaf nodes, and the allocation of one sharable slot to each tree level. The sharable slot that allocates to tree level will be divided into multiple mini slots, and non-leaf nodes at the same level will compete for broadcasting; in this way, collision can be reduced. Moreover, a node that moves to another level can use the sharable slot allocated to the new level without reallocating the slots. Extensive simulations prove that this approach not only achieves high reliability of message delivery but also energy efficiency.
. A. Sikora and V. F. Groza, "Coexistence of IEEE802.15.4 with other Systems in the 2.4 GHz-ISM-Band," in 2005 IEEE Instrumentationand Measurement Technology Conference Proceedings, vol. 3, pp. 1786-1791, (2005), doi: 10.1109/IMTC.2005.1604479. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IMTC.2005.1604479
. A. Hassanzadeh, R. Stoleru, and J. Chen, "Efficient flooding in Wireless Sensor Networks secured with neighborhood keys," in 2011 IEEE 7th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob), pp. 119-126, (2011), doi: 10.1109/WiMOB.2011.6085415. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/WiMOB.2011.6085415
. F. Ferrari, M. Zimmerling, L. Thiele, and O. Saukh, "Efficient network flooding and time synchronization with Glossy," in Proceedings of the 10th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks, pp. 73-84, (2011).
. Z. Qi and D. P. Agrawal, "Dynamic probabilistic broadcasting in mobile ad hoc networks," in 2003 IEEE 58th Vehicular Technology Conference. VTC 2003-Fall (IEEE Cat. No.03CH37484), vol. 5, pp. 2860-2864, (2003), doi: 10.1109/vetecf.2003.1286132. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/VETECF.2003.1286132
. H. Jeong and Y. Yoo, "Dynamic probabilistic flooding algorithm based-on neighbor information in wireless sensor networks," in The International Conference on Information Network 2012, pp. 340-345, (2012), doi: 10.1109/icoin.2012.6164421. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICOIN.2012.6164421
. W. P. Jun, K. M. Alzoubi, and O. Frieder, "Distributed construction of connected dominating set in wireless ad hoc networks," in Proceedings of Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies, vol. 3, pp. 1597-1604, (2002), doi: 10.1109/infcom.2002.1019411. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/INFCOM.2002.1019411
. A. FathimaRamzi and N. Sabiyath Fatima, "Collision Optimized Broadcast Scheduling in Wireless Sensor Network," in International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887).
. S. J. Mohammed and S. T. Hasson, "Modeling and Simulation of Data Dissemination in VANET Based on a Clustering Approach," in 2022 International Conference on Computer Science and Software Engineering, pp. 54-59, (2022), doi: 10.1109/CSASE51777.2022.9759671. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/CSASE51777.2022.9759671
. P. Van Vinh and H. Oh, "RSBP: A Reliable Slotted Broadcast Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks," Sensors (Basel, Switzerland), vol. 12, pp. 14630-14646, (2012), doi: 10.3390/s121114630. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/s121114630
. D.-S. Yoo, V. K. Ta, B.-T. Jang, and H. Oh, "An Energy-Efficient Slotted Sense Multiple Access Broadcast Protocol for Reliable Command Delivery in Dynamic Wireless Sensor Networks," Sensors, vol. 19, no. 5, doi: 10.3390/s19051236. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/s19051236
. J. Lipman, P. Boustead, and J. Chicharo, "Reliable optimised flooding in ad hoc networks," in Proceedings of the IEEE 6th Circuits and Systems Symposium on Emerging Technologies: Frontiers of Mobile and Wireless Communication (IEEE Cat. No.04EX710), vol. 2, pp. 521-524, (2004), doi: 10.1109/CASSET.2004.1321940. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/CASSET.2004.1321940
. O. Ugurlu, D. Tanir, and E. Nuri, "A better heuristic for the minimum connected dominating set in ad hoc networks," in 2016 IEEE 10th International Conference on Application of Information and Communication Technologies (AICT), pp. 1-4, (2016), doi: 10.1109/icaict.2016.7991751. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICAICT.2016.7991751
. B. Zeng, L. Yao, and Y. He, "An Energy-efficient Broadcast Control Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks," in 2009 IEEE International Conference on Networking, Architecture, and Storage, pp. 3-8, (2009), doi: 10.1109/NAS.2009.9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/NAS.2009.9
. N. Abramson, "THE ALOHA SYSTEM: another alternative for computer communications," In Proceedings of the November 17-19, 1970, fall joint computer conference (AFIPS '70 (Fall)). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 281-285, (1970). DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/1478462.1478502
. S. Kim and D. Eom, "Link-State-Estimation-Based Transmission Power Control in Wireless Body Area Networks," IEEE journal of biomedical and health informatics, vol. 18, (2013), doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2013.2282864. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JBHI.2013.2282864
. F. Entezami, M. Tunicliffe, and C. Politis, "Find the Weakest Link: Statistical Analysis on Wireless Sensor Network Link-Quality Metrics," IEEE Vehicular Technology Magazine, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 28-38, (2014), doi: 10.1109/MVT.2014.2333693. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MVT.2014.2333693
. M. K. Maroti, B.; Simon, G.; Ledeczi, A, "The flooding time synchronization protocol," Proc. ACM SenSys, Baltimore, pp. 39-49., (2004).
. Datasheet for the CC2420 radio component. Available online: http://www.ti.com/product/CC2420.